Year: 2020 | Month: December | Volume 7 | Issue 2
Common Marine Organisms: A Novel Source of Medicinal Compounds
Marine environment represents innumerable and various resources for the advancement of new drugs to fight major diseases. It is an excellent ecological resource that comprises of various aquatic plants and animals from which some organisms are reported and some are still unknown, theses aquatic organisms are known to have concealed therapeutic potential and are still in trial phase. They are known for antibiotic, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, anti-fungal, anti-obesity, Immuno-protective activities. Some of the non-commercial marine organisms are also known to have medicinal properties that are being used in pharmaceutical industries. The nutrient profile of fishes has been reported that the fishes are the sources of superior nutrients and have innumerable health benefits. Seafood eliminate the food crisis in the developing countries it fulfills the basic food requirements by providing sufficient amount of essential minerals and nutrients to the peoples. Seafood contains vast amount of omega-3 fatty acid, which is an essential part of cell membrane they contribute in regulating hormone, blood clotting, regulate genetic function etc. and it contains n-3 PUFA such as EPA and DHA, which can treat diseases like arteriosclerotic and thrombotic. As marine environment is vast and mysterious in itself it is not yet possible for the scientists to have discovered each and every organism present, there might still be some left undiscovered so in this way we keep being benefitted by them even in the far future as the scientists are still keeping up their work of exploiting this enormous marine environment. The bioactive compounds of various marine organisms with medicinal properties and health benefits have been discussed below.
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